The U.K. government struggled to contain the outbreak of COVID-19. Its delay in introducing a lockdown, widespread testing of those who might be infected, and restrictions on the entry of visitors from countries where the virus was rife, as well as its decision to order the transfer of patients from hospitals to care homes without testing them, contributed to the high death toll from the virus. The government swiftly introduced measures to minimize the unemployment and business failures that might have resulted from the lockdown. It provided income support for employees and the self-employed, loans for businesses, and assistance for the unemployed. When the number of new COVID-19 cases began to fall, the government switched its attention to easing the restrictions imposed during the lockdown because of concerns about the deterioration in the economy.