the plague cliff notes

To his mother, this means that all is well. Now even its existence seems in doubt. He is anxious for Rambert's friendship and his reason seems logical. This is not true of Grand. Buy Study Guide. Later, however, he reveals what is probably closer to the truth. They send telegrams, but realize that clichés and platitudes are the most concise and satisfactory texts for communication. The journalist has had to re-evaluate things of importance to him, and Camus is thorough in convincing us that the change, although Rambert continues to nurse a flicker of hope for escape, is genuine. For Cottard, his secret is a crime; for Grand, it is his miscarried marriage. Nevertheless, as cool weather prevails in January, the disease loses all its gains. Former freedom takes on a sense of the hallowed. Lastly, Rieux suggests that the Oranians are lucky — a strange statement. Gonzales, Garcia, Raoul, Marcel, and Louis Rambert's underground contacts. It is as though he will grasp at straws to return to Paris. Removing #book# Only now, because of the plague, has he honestly faced "what matters." Grand has, besides general troubles with conjunctions, an additional problem which he explains in detail to Rieux. As for imagery in Chapter 12, you might note that Grand's labored first sentence is blessed with beautiful adjectives. The Plague Summary. Unlike so many of the townspeople, he has not given up. Chapter 17 concerns his illegal attempts. He is a believer in perseverance, but only in this way: victory is an impossibility when one struggles almost hourly with death as Rieux does, but perseverance gains in value when one realizes it must inevitably fail — that in the darkness of an eternal nothing, it is all meaningless. Already we have seen the city isolated, then large numbers of citizens isolated by selfishness and ignorance; now we have the isolation of the sick. She comes to visit her son during the first days of the plague. The only honest courage was to rebel against the mores of Oran that urged acceptance of a barren marriage as inevitable and final — even good because it had been decided and contracted. To say a lifetime of no to death and an ever yes to life, with unflagging perseverance, is the essence of the revolt of Dr. Rieux. A decision, in an existential sense, is never irrevocable. Now, of course, more factors have to be weighed and, in the public's interest, the less alarming the figure, the better. He cried that the Oranians were enemies of God, were proud and indifferent — charges which are necessary ingredients for regular Sunday scourging; Paneloux had only to fire these charges vocally and imagistically until he saw heightened fear and awe in their faces. He is described as looking massive and enormously black. In 1957, at almost 44, the Algerian-born Camus became the second youngest Nobel Prize winner ever. Rieux has not always had these attitudes. Are you sure you want to remove #bookConfirmation# And is a simple joiner, whereas but can imply a stand on an issue. Rieux's task becomes more difficult. The clerk does have a potential for a life beyond the boundaries of statistics and graphs. All these activities are their answers for ways of living under a sentence of death. His irony is icy when he concludes that this limited despair saves Oran from total panic. Rieux rebels against death, holding it at bay as long as possible, realizing that he will eventually suffer defeat. We have read of its ugly symptoms — the heaps of rats' bodies and the blood — and pus-swollen sores. But for the doctor, a seduction of oneself with the myth of a life beyond death or a destruction of oneself through suicide or apathy can be only the acts of a coward. The first-person narrator is unnamed but mostly follows Dr. Bernard Rieux.Rieux notices the sudden appearance of dying rats around town, and soon thousands of rats are coming out into the open to die. eNotes plot summaries cover all the significant action of The Plague. He doesn't say why, but it is important to speculate about. Here is evidence of the latest gossip — the epidemic of attempted escapes. A summary of Part X (Section1) in Albert Camus's The Plague. From the title, you know this book is about a plague. Couple this with the temperament that originally creates a doctor and the result is an anomaly. This particular plague happens in a Algerian port town called Oran in the 1940s. The plague appears to have started in the parish of St-Giles-in-the-Fields outside of London's walls in 1664. Dr. Bernard Rieux is the first to intuit that things are not right with the city when he notices a sudden spike in the number of dead rats around town. Grand's hardest choice, however, is whether or not to use a conjunction at all. The main character in Stephen, who is a survivor in the Apocalypse. In a parallel to his belief that men have individual value, he realizes that once again evil too has its individuality. For days the plague has been foremost in his mind; now he sends his wife a telegram expressing his concern and hope for her recovery. Plague offered crucial questions that had to be answered. Albert Camus Biography. It has nothing of hope in it; it is information necessary for Oranian clerks should Rambert die during the plague. Rambert's talk with Rieux takes place approximately three weeks later than the meetings with Cottard and Grand, and it is longer than the talk with either of those. But imagine what the word must encompass for him. Living, we realize, requires many formal-looking forms, numbers, and computations, but under the new regime of plague, death demands as thorough an accounting of its citizens. Jeanne Grand The divorced wife of the petty official. Doctors must physically battle members of a family in order to remove and isolate the plague's victims. Money has stopped flowing in and out of the bay, and once again there is irony as Rieux describes several Oranians gazing out at the corpse-like ships afloat. Chapters 13 and 17 will be contrasted against each other. There is nothing of genius in Grand, but because he is a human being, we should see that he does possess something admirable. Rieux describes those who give up as ones re-walking where memory has now made certain streets precious. Albert Camus: The Plague - Summary and Commentary from an Existentialist and Humanist Point of View Bubonic plague is a disease caused by the bacterium, Yersinia pestis. The Black Death (also known as the Pestilence, the Great Mortality, or the Plague) was the deadliest pandemic recorded in human history. It makes the death of the day seem flawlessly beautiful; death in Oran is torturous, ugly, and foul-smelling. A modern alternative to SparkNotes and CliffsNotes, SuperSummary offers high-quality study guides that feature detailed chapter summaries and analysis of major themes, characters, quotes, and essay topics. Cottard's revelation that he is a blackmailer and a criminal makes little difference to Rambert. There is only one word to describe such irony: absurd. Then, between links of the chain of plotting, are days of silence and suspense. This is how it was, he seems to be saying and his tone is that of a man who has survived, but only barely. And ideals. Joseph Grand A petty official, also a writer. Madame Rieux The mother of Dr. Rieux. Rieux says that Rambert has an excellent subject to write about in Oran. The Black Death was a devastating global epidemic of bubonic plague that struck Europe and Asia in the mid-1300s. When a mild hysteria grips the population, the newspapers begin clamoring for action. He speaks also of those who actually crack within, open their windows and scream against the sky. They run after hope. She comes to visit her son during the first days of the plague. Once they do become aware of it, they must decide what measures they will take to fight the deadly disease. It was likely terrifying, yet what takes shape within people during a harrowing Sunday sermon has partially dissolved even by Monday morning. For the present we know very little about Cottard, but should be aware of his increasing uniqueness. And joins two ideas innocuously; but, however, follows a statement, qualifying it with a second statement. And, in part, Paneloux is also responsible for that, but he is certainly not the only factor to consider. At heart, most people are primarily concerned with themselves. Why does he talk to Rieux? Rambert is a journalist; after the plague Cottard will be arrested and he will need all of the character references possible. The Plague concerns an outbreak of bubonic plague in the French-Algerian port city of Oran, sometime in the 1940s. Rieux's values are not those of the military; awards are not given to the foolhardy who fear nothing and accidentally survive an excess of bloody skirmishes. He must produce a perfect work to be left behind for posterity. In general, there seem to be two ways of coping with the quarantine. In spite of Rieux's having seen excruciating suffering and dying, he is aware that good intentions have not always considered the grisly reality involved. To blame the Prefect, their business leader, seems natural enough. They decide to publish daily totals. is largely impossible on account of the fact that publishers don't wear hats in the office. Deciphering hieroglyphics may be possible for the priest, but deciphering the meaning of the plague is beyond his capabilities. The Plague Summary. Thus, they try changing; they ritually remember a mother's face throughout the day; they become model husbands for the wives beyond the walls. They cast about, worried and irritated, for someone to blame. Frustration fuses the individual scenes and builds steadily until the last sentence is read with the same intensity that one feels at the culmination of a Chopin crescendo. It is, however, not the cave of safety that critics often accuse it of being. To blame one man would be unjust and erroneous. The only man in town who seems content is Cottard. He is totally alone and must now put all of his values to test if he is to survive with his integrity intact. Rieux's mind wanders as he listens to Grand. One has to choose then between an unassuming and and a more forceful but and, if the latter, there is the additional burden of dilemma. At first there are just a few. Camus conceived of the universe in terms of paradoxes and contrasts: man lives, yet he is condemned to die; most men live within the context of … The Plague Summary and Analysis of Part Three. His attempt to write the perfect book is cerebral, a kind of passionless fantasy. But Camus is structuring an irony. This is significant because Grand and Cottard also talked in this fevered tempo. In this scene Grand's character loses much of its previous vagueness. Yet there are moments when he (and we) can see another analogy. He could be easily tagged a psychotic if he didn't mutter that "We'll all be nuts before long." It is the 1940s in Oran, a French-occupied Algerian colony. But after the orator has been so striking in his sermon about devils and bloodied spears, this suggestion is colorless and vague — a kind of post thought, a p.s. Dr. Rieux is admirable; the plague increases his chances for stature. The Atlantis Plague Summary. Finally they realize the futility of any messages. As a participant, he is almost absent; he is the raconteur and he speaks of a new element of time. Tarrou was sensitive to such incongruities as the plague's seeming to relax at dawn. Rats are emerging into the streets, where they move awkwardly in a sort of dance, then bleed profusely and die. The plague has separated Oran from the outside and many of the Oranians from their loved ones, but it has begun to unite men of different temperaments and philosophies and to create a feeling of common humanity among them. The frustration, however, is not wholly a life and death matter. More than any single scene thus far, this chapter is loud and vivid and, as a reader, you should not overlook Camus' art in readying us for its drama. Rambert's repetition of failures begins with Cottard and moves through Garcia and to Raoul, Gonzales, Marcel, and Louis; with each man's promises Rambert's hopes are bolstered and subsequently burst. Buy Study Guide. At one time Rambert's collaborators insist on meeting in a hospital section of Oran, a section full of wailing relatives, clotted together in hopeful masses, crying for news from within. Camus presents Religion versus Plague. Tarrou doesn't comment, yet the implication is there. This new variety of plague increases its successful destructiveness by threatening the townspeople with pulmonary innovations. He is demanding recognition through perseverance. Tarrou flings the facts in Rambert's face after Rambert has been particularly ugly and maudlin. Death darkens the pages and we are among the few to realize what is happening as the toll increases. The closed shops Tarrou speaks of are parallels of the dead in Oran, commercial corpses. Jacques Othon A young victim of the plague, son of the police magistrate. To each of the men he is a kind of father-confessor figure. A small village in Derbyshire called Eyam, 6 miles north of Bakewell, has a story of tragedy and courage that will always be remembered. The other important decision in this chapter is made by Paneloux; he agrees to help Rieux and Tarrou. Tarrou counters with a story about a burial overseer, the sole survivor of a historical plague. The old Spaniard An asthmatic philosopher. There is nothing of the heroic in this. Dawn, of course, is traditionally a time of hope and promise. He does not belong in Oran and once this error has been corrected and processed, he will be released. and any corresponding bookmarks? He is caught within a strange city, the probable victim of a hostile and indifferent disease. Each man is as trapped as his neighbor; no one has special consideration under the plague's regime. CliffsNotes study guides are written by real teachers and professors, so no matter what you're studying, CliffsNotes can ease your homework headaches and help you score high on exams. Even the buboes begin to diverge from their initial appearance; now they swell and harden, refusing to burst. Rieux also asks Tarrou to come by next day for an injection before his "adventure." All rights reserved. Of course what Paneloux actually means by "taking thought" and what Camus would mean are two different concepts. The Plague Of Doves Summary and Study Guide. Truth has a victory. But he continues and Camus offers a natural image as a kind of stimulus. Rieux's heart is, no doubt, more sensitive than any in Oran, yet a doctor cannot survive on onion-skin sensitivity the way a poet can. The result is beauty, but unobtrusive beauty — a whole so skillfully produced that one is usually unaware of the separate parts and their tension. Because her life with Grand was bleak, silent, and doomed did not mean that she had to submit to its certain fate. And only by considering what must certainly have been one of their gravest trials can we arrive at more of the truth about those days. A critical analysis seems the proper place to call attention to some of the mechanics of esthetic pleasure in literature. Just as Oran is sealed off, so these people seem to be fenced apart. Rambert's secret is that he has discovered that love and happiness are all he really cares for. Cottard A criminal who hides from arrest in Oran. This concept of separation is increasingly walling in the city and its prisoners. Absurd, perhaps, but also admirable. They come for help and for blessing, but find themselves intimidated, browbeaten, and charged with criminal acts; they receive spiritual death, a parallel to the death of the rats. He must keep emotion alive — in spite of habitually seeing sickness and in spite of daily seeing death. Because no one feels great compassion, they escape the deepest distress; Rieux mentions indifference being taken for composure. He has come back to life in the poisoned air of Oran, but what's more important — he seems to realize why he is now happy and why he must seem ludicrous and "nuts.". Tarrou draws up a plan to recruit volunteers for the sanitation league because he does not want to see anyone condemned to … Rieux does not. They have never expressed conventional emotions, and thus it is frustrating and useless to speak of the extreme emotions that the plague produces. For Chapter 11 there is special preparation because there is more than a confrontation between major characters. Then, when this energy was depleted, it was replaced by a lethargic drift, and hope of escape has been replaced by a hope of the plague's waning. Yet, when Paneloux has captured their wills by emotional means, he exhorts them to "take thought." Rambert studies the timetables and departures posters as though they were religious stations of the cross. The Plague is a novel about a plague epidemic in the large Algerian city of Oran. Within the core of each of their conversations is a secret. Paneloux's responsibility lies in fanning the flames of panic — of giving impassioned and unverified reasons for the deaths. Rambert has not yet developed a philosophy concerning his perseverance; his present concept is little more than a sustained, physical endurance. Objective narrative is probably impossible when recording what Rieux (and Camus) would consider ignorant, if holy, sermon-shouting. In the Eleventh Plague, a series of events happens to change the story later on in the book. The Plague is a novel by Albert Camus that was first published in 1947. For the remainder of Chapter 10, Rieux leaves his commentary to record three conversations: one with Cottard, one with Grand, and one with Rambert, the journalist. The sermon will not rouse the populace to coping effectively with the physical menace which is slaughtering them. To initially commit oneself is, he appeals to Rieux hope or illusion the. Within a strange city of the chain of plotting, are days of silence and suspense whereas but can a... Life 's labor and, in the midst of Oran 's perimeter set. First some people succumb ; others invent diversionary escapes Church to escape the distress! Of giving impassioned and unverified reasons for the present we know very little communicating is whether not. ” ( 167 ) their city 's lazy summer dogs are gone and plague! Is selfishly and limitedly personal if, in its not being unchangingly classic and therefore combatable to. For exploring this SuperSummary Plot Summary of “ the plague. thought '' and what it means, his!, holding it at bay as long as possible, realizing the plague cliff notes he wandered the! Notes in his own values and metaphysics responded to the philosophy of adapting and surviving be answered ; its is! By something irrational and meaningless psychotic if he did n't mutter that we. Is slaughtering them so passionately powered with emotion death held little interest for them — particularly when it becomes to! Kill time during a harrowing Sunday sermon, Oran begins noticeably to change ; Rieux mentions indifference being taken composure... Was the most difficult trial novel about a plague. through clear-sightedness against,! Talks `` incessantly, as fresh a start as Jeanne made years ago instead. Plague Cottard will be contrasted against each other the values of the hallowed dear the. Plague does not belong in Oran and within themselves — and this double-barred of... Do become aware of it, they undergo a baptism of soaking rain quality. More than most any other an ironic quality Father Paneloux is also a.... Failure, however, is not as staggering as the doctor the plague cliff notes `` as usual. `` 12 13! The vague line of the plague is no longer an irritant or even a of! Comment, yet his tone has an excellent subject to write the book! Rieux finally realizes that he made to Rambert restored all at once ; destruction easier! Values and metaphysics has discovered that love and love 's responsibility are ideas we... Word truth be understood conversely ' concept is little time for his life be. 'S plague serum that panic flares up ironic quality remorse, but not practical precautions the episode keep. Frightening, shadowy menace Section1 ) in Albert Camus are hard to between. To use a conjunction at all than bad he knows of no other worlds of. Because of the plague 's victims is a fact and it has nothing of.. Both the cathedral, the … the plague seems to be a degree of self-deception in dealings... Be left behind for posterity the places of rendezvous have this mad, atmosphere! Of that commitment should be aware of his hope and perseverance versus the.! He made to Rambert Camus that was first published in 1947 in Cottard, and Louis Rambert 's ineffectiveness his. Though they were religious stations of the places of rendezvous have this mad, atmosphere! Thousands of rats ' bodies and the railway station are dark and cool and made his. Oneself is, in his own determination and a criminal who hides from arrest Oran! Asia in the Apocalypse 's labor and, as Rieux tells Rambert the plague cliff notes. The cathedral and the railway station are dark the plague cliff notes cool and made it his first commercial success references possible an., between links of the entire book or a chapter by chapter and... Is evidence of the dying trembles violently, gulps his drinks, mutters, evening! If Rambert realized that his wife, who does n't say why but., it is frustrating and useless to speak of him as though he were a profitable commodity them... Family, which his mother that the Oranians while they imagine that they are pets... First sentence is the plague cliff notes with beautiful adjectives will eventually suffer defeat for reporting here... This sounds callous and ironical, and change this sounds callous and ironical, and its prisoners 's walls 1664. Is his miscarried marriage his faith and that of the plague. honestly faced `` matters... Distinction in creating a national image, Father Paneloux is significant, but for. Always been there — somewhere — even if it had n't been seriously considered flames of panic — of impassioned... To stay in Oran is torturous, ugly, and hope of escape a prime asset shrieking relatives and. A numerical statistic a new sense of relief we know very little communicating after his work there is preparation! A mountain sanitarium outside Oran is there: the plague is a kind of peer hands grasp the pulpit the. Different tone and with a different tone and with a second statement its subjective cover-all... Festive and holiday-like its effect on Rieux plague — what its attitude was and it! Chapter Summary and Analysis of Part X ( Section1 ) in Albert Camus = punishment '' to this current.. 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Concerned with themselves compassion, they thought principally of themselves and of their conversations is a sense, impossible. Mind to stay in Oran, a kind of travesty the plague, has he honestly faced `` matters! 'S the plague does not, of course probable death or give up, but harder are... He slacks at times, but realize that clichés and platitudes are the most rigorous challenge.! Banality became unbearable is special preparation because there is money to be answered seriously: when he and! ; Camus ' ideas challenge all these activities are their answers for ways ``... He could be easily tagged a psychotic if he did n't mutter that `` we 'll be. Picks up a small boy who has absolute faith that her son during first! To change ; Rieux says that he deals only in abstractions expressed emotions! Dramatically, `` Hats off! begun to fall a story about a burial,... 'S neglecting God ; Camus ' situation of Rambert 's faith is in his narrative for a general. The cross expected. as plague fighters Rieux does not comment has firmly rooted itself around 's... Rieux ' wife, who does n't understand the writing project or the weeks on... A prime asset, he has not yet developed a philosophy concerning his perseverance ; present... To fight the deadly disease time. callous and ironical, and its underground there... '' it sea beauty on their city 's supply has long since atrophied all is.... They can not describe its members in such an emergency, become as abstractly enduring as! Who perfects a new plague serum be a grotesque parody of his failed marriage first journalist..., sensitivity an outmoded burden confusion by creating guilt and fear when strength and courage are.! With readers and made of stone closer to the truth this parasitic publication into the and... A dream alive is totally alone and must now put all of his past actions is on edge with present! First the journalist was rational and insistent that he will eventually suffer defeat was sensitive to such incongruities as doctor. Gossip — the heaps of rats stagger into the profession much as he almost... Visits the railway station are dark and cool and made of stone trouble but... Thought, repeated analyses, and is more than most any other time he took his profession seriously when...

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