aphis craccivora management

Appl. Z. Angew. Enter search terms. 213 pp. CTA, CAB International, 99 pp. Grain Legume Bull. (1992) Improving insect resistance in cowpea through biotechnology: Initiatives at Purdue University, USA. Cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch is a serious insect pest of cowpea distributed in almost all states of India and its management is essential to increase the quality and quantity of cowpea yield. 52, 3–11. Paroma Mitra. Cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch can cause severe damage even with minimum colony population by sucking the sap from stem, leaves, flower buds, flowers and pods and it has been regarded as the most serious cosmopolitan pest it causes greater yield losses up to 35 percentage respectively. 66, 317–29. and Root, R.B. and Daoust, R.A. (1986) Insect pests of cowpeas. Exp. (1964) The effect of planting date and spacing on the incidence of groundnut rosette disease and of the vector, Aphis craccivora Koch, at Mokwa, Northern Nigeria. Booker, R.H. (1963) The effect of sowing date and spacing on rosette disease of groundnut in northern Nigeria, with observations on the vector. Aphid feeding induces symptoms that Integrated Pest Management A. craccivora is controlled within IPM systems practised on a numerous crops, including cotton in Russia, cowpea in Nigeria, groundnut in Africa and USA, beans in Syria and citrus in Mediterranean Europe. CGBD (Offline Database on Chhattisgarh Biodiversity) In the absence of such factors, the decision for pesticide utilization can only be motivated by prevailing conditions at the time of application and thus, misses an important dimension of pesticide problem (Sunding and Zivin, 2000). (1987) Host plant resistance for cowpea insect pest management. The Hague: SPB Academic Publishing bv. (1996) Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. and Barmore, J.L. Trop. Botanical insecticides that degrade rapidly are safer than persistent synthetic chemical insecticides, less harmful to the environment, decrease production costs and are not likely to cause insecticide resistance among pests. Akingbohungbe, A.E. Economic importance: The feeding of this aphid on clover and alfalfa causes plant wilting as well as … We previously found that C. septempunctata fed an artificial diet showed diminished biological properties(e.g. 31, 331–5. %PDF-1.7 Exp. (1985) Interaction between fungicides, insecticides and spraying regimes in the control of fungal diseases, insect pests and yield of cowpea. and Thottappilly, G. (1985) Aphis craccivora settling behaviour and acquisition of cowpea aphid borne mosaic virus in aphid-resistant cowpea lines. and Roberts, J.E. for the Management of Aphis craccivora (Hemiptera: Aphididdae), Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 111, Issue 4, August 2018, Pages 1587–1594, … (1995b) Colonization and control of Aphis craccivora Koch (Homoptera: Aphididae) by coccinellid predators in some resistant and susceptible cowpea varieties in Nigeria. Nigerian J. Sci. Chemical, cultural, physical and biological methods, and use of plant resistance for A. craccivora control in cowpea are reviewed. Basic Appl. Allan Mweke, Christian Ulrichs, Paulin Nana, Komivi Senyo Akutse, Komi Kouma Mokpokpo Fiaboe, Nguya Kalemba Maniania, Sunday Ekesi, Evaluation of the Entomopathogenic Fungi Metarhizium anisopliae, Beauveria bassiana and Isaria sp. 247–64. Aphids ( Aphis craccivora Koch) are an important vegetative stage pest of cowpea in Africa. Economic Threshold Level (ETL) means the pest density at which management action should be taken to prevent an increasing pest population from reaching the Economic Injury Level (EIL)." Insecticide resistance and implications for future aphid management in Australia grains and pastures: a review. 99, 1983 (revised). (1974) An aphid-borne virus disease of irrigated cowpeas in northern Nigerian. Southwood, T.R.E. Hemptinne, J.L. Ann. Rev. (1976) Intercropping Systems in Tropical Africa. Ann. CTA/IITA Publication. Singh (ed) Insect Pests of Tropical Food Legumes pp. Applied Entomology and Zoology, Vol. Aphis craccivora Koch (Hemiptera: Aphididae) is a sap sucking insect and one of the major pests on economically important crops in India. fecundity, egg hatching rate, survival rate, etc.) 3, 93–118. (1984) Insect transmission characteristics of a Nigerian strain of cowpea aphid-borne mosaic virus. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company 646 pp. Direct Control. Nwokolo, E. and Ilechukwu, S.N. (1990) Pests of groundnut in the semi-arid tropics. Ferro, D.N. In R.L. Ent. Farrell, J.A.K. 14, 47–50. Parfait, G. and Jarry, M. (1987) Plant diversity and pest occurrence in intercropping: A review of the methods. 213–20. and Akingbohungbe, A.E. Common name: Copeea aphid. Biol. A structure–activity study of the mode of [3H]imidacloprid displacement in Myzus persicae and Aphis craccivora, Pest Management Science, 10.1002/ps.919, 60, 10, (945-958), (2004). Cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch can cause severe damage even with minimum colony population by sucking the sap from stem, leaves, flower buds, flowers and pods and it has been regarded as the most serious cosmopolitan pest it causes greater yield losses up to 35 percentage respectively. Singh, S.R. 52, … 9, 601–9. Elevated CO 2 improved plant growth, but could not completely offset the negative effects of elevated O 3. Ng, N.Q. INTRODUCTION: The knowledge of Economic ThresholdLevel helps to determine whether an insect is to be classified as a pest or not. Entomophaga Gullan, P.J. The black bean aphid (Aphis fabae) and the black legume aphid (Aphis craccivora) are black to dark brown brownish in colour and winged or wingless and vary in size from 1.5 to 3.0 mm. Plant Protect. Aphis craccivora (Koch) is polyphagous by nature affecting more than 15 different crops, mainly pertaining to the family Leguminosae [6]. Saxena, R.C. 30, 2–8. Perrin, R.M. 78, 3–9. FAO Plant Prot. Bean aphid: Aphis craccivora (Aphididae: Hemiptera) Distribution and status Cosmopolitan, India, Africa, Argentina, China, U.S.A., Europe, Australia Host range Groundnut, red gram, peas, beans, safflower, lablab, niger Damage symptoms Both nymphs and adults cause the damage by sucking the plant sap. 2, 15–26. Ofuya, T.I. In S.R. 42, 279–84. Yaninek and H.R. In L. Polgar, R.J. (1985) Potential of crop diversity for pest management. Trop. Aphis craccivora is one of the serious pest of Phaseolus sinensis and Lablab purpureus. We have found Aphis craccivora feeding on garden Vicia cracca(tufted vetch) at Shoreham-by-Sea in West Sussex. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons. Keywords: biopesticide; biological control; botanical insecticides; lacewing; integrated pest management 1. Appl. In L. Polgar, R.J. Host plants: Polyphagous, with a preference for legumes. Zool. Singh, S.R., Jackai, L.E.N., Dos Santos, J.H.R. (1992) Wide crosses of Vigna food legumes. Karel, A.K. Ofuya, T.I. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons. and Adalia, C.B. (1988a) Occurrence, growth and survival of Aphis craccivora (Homoptera: Aphididae) on some weeds in a rain forest area of Nigeria. 313–320. Arnason, J.T., Philogene, B.J.R. Geographical distribution: Cosmopolitan; CIE Map # 99, 1983 (revised). Ann. Chambers, A.F.G. A'Brook, J. (1980) Differences in number of aphids found on lines of cowpea in a replicated trial. Integrated Pest Management Reviews 2, 199–207 (1997). Rachie (eds) Cowpea Research, Production and Utilization pp. Rachie (eds) Cowpea Research, Production and Utilization pp. e ective plant extract-based insecticide to be utilized in integrated pest management (IPM) programs against A. craccivora. Evaluation of the Entomopathogenic Fungi Metarhizium anisopliae, Beauveria bassiana and Isaria sp. Zeits. (1992) Virus-engineered resistance: concepts, efficacy, and stability. Elevated CO 2 improved plant growth, but could not completely offset the negative effects of elevated O 3. Manawadu, D. (1985) Varietal susceptibility of cowpea to Aphis craccivora. The GRV complex was first described in Africa in 1907, when it strongly affected groundnut production. 877. Commonwealth Institute of Biological Control, Tropical Bull. In the absence of such factors, the decision for pesticide utilization can only be motivated by prevailing conditions at the time of application and thus, misses an important dimension of pesticide problem (Sunding and Zivin, 2000). %���� 78, 413–19. 20 per page; 50 per page; 100 per page; Search Results. Stem . 28, 373–80. Plant Protect. J. Appl. and Greenland, D.J. Combinations of selective insecticides, natural enemies, cultural methods and resistant varieties are usually used. 155–71. Ofuya, T.I. 1 State Key Laboratory of Integrated Management of Pest and Rodents, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences ... (Acyrthosiphon pisum) and cowpea aphids (Aphis craccivora). and Thottappilly, G. (1986) The importance of colonizing and non-colonizing aphid vectors in the spread of cowpea aphid-borne mosaic virus. African Environ. Both nymphs and adults suck plant sap and cause serious damage right from the seedling to pod bearing stage. Mohan Raj and A.W. Dent, D. (1991) Insect Pest Management. In J.S. Berlin/Hambrug: Verlag Paul Parey, 142 pp. 133, 229–34. The Ecology of Aphis craccivora Koch and Subterranean Clover Stunt Virus in South-East Australia. 324–42. Exp. 31–50. Bull. Ofuya, T.I. Immatures are slightly dusted with wax, adults without wax. (1984) Biology of Aphis craccivora Koch and varietal resistance of cowpeas, University of Reading, UK PhD Thesis, 273 pp. Obisesan, I.O. Effect of warming with temperature oscillations on a low-latitude aphid, Aphis craccivora - Volume 103 Issue 4 - Chia-Yu Chen, Ming-Chih Chiu, Mei-Hwa Kuo Skip to main content Accessibility help We use cookies to distinguish you from other users and to provide you with a better experience on our websites. Share this with Facebook: Twitter: Email: Adults and nymphs A. craccivora (E. Neering) Adults and nymphs A. craccivora (E. Neering) Prevention. (1988) Functional and numerical responses of Cheilomenes lunata (Fabricius) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) feeding on the cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch (Homoptera: Aphididae). Schad. Jackai, L.E.N. Aphids (Aphis craccivora Koch) are an important vegetative stage pest of cowpea in Africa. Plant Protect. Sci., Camb. and Benton, A.W. Nigerian J. Agron. Chambers, A.F.G. IITA Research (1990) Observation on the biology of Cheilomenes vicina (Mulsant) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae), a predator of the cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch (Homoptera: Aphididae) in Nigeria. Dixon and I. Hodek (eds) Behaviour and Impact of Aphidophaga pp. 8, 765–9. Consequences to pest resistance management. Development of entomopathogenic fungi as biopesticides for the management of Cowpea Aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch, eBook pdf (pdf eBook) bei hugendubel.de als Download für Tolino, eBook-Reader, PC, Tablet und Smartphone. pp 01 - 15 insects’ mortality, including predators and parasitoids. �-;B{��aC�y��}������H" x�.� =�Vӱ�!s# �K b ���U,b�D�C*�#Wr��Me0���[6��%�l�>��Y���������O#l:��H����A�y��b\��߉{����5�c���Q�uer�E}��H��. Moore (eds) Biotechnology: Enhancing Research on Tropical Crops in Africa pp. Due to heavy infestation, young seedlings succumb to death, whereas the older … Field Crops Res. Ofuya, T.I. Mweke A(1)(2), Ulrichs C(2), Nana P(1)(3), Akutse KS(1), Fiaboe KKM(1), Maniania NK(1), Ekesi S(1). Jang, Y.D. Allan Mweke, Christian Ulrichs, Paulin Nana, Komivi Senyo Akutse, Komi Kouma Mokpokpo Fiaboe, Nguya Kalemba Maniania, Sunday Ekesi, Evaluation of the Entomopathogenic Fungi Metarhizium anisopliae, Beauveria bassiana and Isaria sp. Grain Legume Bull. Biol. (1985) Integrating crop and pest management: the need for comprehensive management of yield constraints in cropping systems. 20 per page . Univ. Ecol. J Econ Entomol. xڭZY�۶~��У��`�$�x�ة�u�I{z����^,\4��s�3A����AW�]���^�%T0�(�*I8��,�Ԫ��g^��'��[�QB�b��HD��|��"��0i�Wa��x��d���'���ÏК0���`�$恕���X�X��f��oo��n�P,�W0�H��ٮ>���.O���盿>{�)P����6L�n���v���Ն+�~k*��ʬ��s}(�)%�9ԯy���6&M��uc9`B�01�p�j#"N�ԫ ���t/����qdj�j��q�6��0t��s����>�n_�*O-u��*G�U_�r7���Y㚯��D���m��uՎ[E�!& D�I���Q����>�4~LT��H�X�+A"�EϮ6Q�~j�r��|[,-2��I����e��o�}Vk׼��w�"'�-��XYX8=�ٺ�a�k^�6�����`�`��}h�O�g�G�u�@{3!n�g�7�D�|`a*���M�vy��OE���vI� �*��DB|I�8:U�5~��� �j���ۗ��֟�?�����5�@�[���GR��$�p��{|T�yڛ �%�A�4X�*�o���e��Yyk�����Eaq۞ Entomol. Kumar, R. (1984) Insect pest control. Pest Manage. volume 2, pages199–207(1997)Cite this article, Cowpea, Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walpers, is a major dietary staple in tropical Africa where it is most often cultivated. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1018461320137, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1018461320137, Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips, Not logged in and Daware, D.G. 19, 99–111. Aphis craccivora 9; integrated pest management 5; insect pests 4; Maruca testulalis 3; cowpeas 3; more Subject » Search 9 Search Results . Host plants: Polyphagous, with a preference for legumes.. Economic importance: The feeding of this aphid on clover and alfalfa causes plant wilting as well as blackening, … Biol. Insect Sci. and Wiedijk, F. (1985) Recent trends in the control of cowpea pests in Africa. Teng, P.S. In G. Thottappilly, B. Monti, D.R. (1988a) Varietal resistance of cowpeas to the cowpea aphid. Nigerian J. Agric. Evaluation of the Entomopathogenic Fungi Metarhizium anisopliae, Beauveria bassiana and Isaria sp. Ofuya, T.I. Enlarge Image. N.1. The Hague: SPB Academic Publishing bv. (1972) The influence of vegetational diversity on the population ecology of a specialized herbivore, Phyllotreta cruciferae (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Several researchers have examined ant attendance of Aphis craccivora. MacFoy, C.C. management in Australia grains and pastures: a review. Cotton aphid (Aphis gossypii) is a small aphid. In P. Barbosa, and J.C. Schultz, (eds) Insect Outbreaks pp. Biol. Trop. 81, 123–6. Singh and K.O. 3, 287–96. Pest Manage. Pedigo, L.P. (1991) Entomology and Pest Management. Gutierrez AP, Nix HA, Havenstein DE and Moore PA. 1974. 24, 171–3. Singh, S.R. (1985) Resistance to Aphis craccivora (Homoptera: Aphididae) in selected varieties of cowpea. 30, 68–9. van Emden, H.F. (1991) The role of host plant resistance in insect pest mis-management. (1989c) Effect of weeds on colonization of cowpea by Aphis craccivora Koch (Homoptera: Aphididae) and its major predators in Nigeria. Chari, M.S., Patel, P.N. Ulrichs, K., Mevis, I. and Schnitzler, W.H. Swati Das. The GRV complex was first described in Africa in 1907, when it strongly affected groundnut production. 1 State Key Laboratory of Integrated Management of Pest and Rodents, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences ... (Acyrthosiphon pisum) and cowpea aphids (Aphis craccivora). 39, 139-146 Ofuya, T. I. J. Nat. Olfactometer experiments were conducted with apterae and alatae of the cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora, Koch (Hom.:Aphidoidea). v.d.Maesen and Sadikin Someatmadja (eds) PROSEA No 1, Pulses pp. Further several studies have been made on its biology and predatory efficiency [5-7]. 19, 3–4. 1. Experiments with synthetic insecticides alone and in combination with Bacill. Takeda et al (1980) demonstrated that the frequency of honeydew excretion was higher, and the interval between honeydew droppings shorter, in ant attended aphids than in ant free ones. Philip. Brasil. Aphids on Green Gram Aphis craccivora. 13, 35965 Maxwell, F. G. (1991) Use of insect resistant plants in integrated pest management programmes. Ann. Wiley Online Library 4, 165–7. Evaluation of the Entomopathogenic Fungi Metarhizium anisopliae, Beauveria bassiana and Isaria sp. A. craccivora and their predator Cheilomenes sexmaculata found abundantly in the localities of northeast Bihar [4]. In the light of recent increased interest in developing plant based secondary chemistry into products suitable for integrated pest management, the objective of the present study was to investigate the bioactivity in field simulated conditions and structure–activity relationship of some natural phenylpropenes and their related analogues (1–6) against Aphis craccivora. Singh, S.R. Agric. The aphids Aphis craccivora Koch attack country bean Lablab purpureus L. both in its vegetative and reproductive stages and cause severe damage. 2001. Ⓒ Clemson University - USDA Cooperative Extension Slide Series, Bugwood.org . London: Chapman & Hall, 491 pp. (1974) Effects of close spacing on cowpeas (Vigna unguiculata) in southern Nigeria. 1, 93–96. Ofuya, T.I. Aphis craccivora Koch (Homoptera: Aphididae) under field and screenhouse … (1977) Cowpea cultivars resistant to insect pests in world germplasm collection. Singh, S.R. (1985) Random search by herbivorous insects: A simulation model. (1988b) Resistance of some cowpea varieties to the cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch (Homoptera: Aphididae) under ®eld and screenhouse conditions in Nigeria. Biol. 34, 445–7. Entomol. Atiri, G.I., Enobakhare, D.A. Ofuya, T.I. 27, 331–4. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons. Ann. Entomol. In the light of recent increased interest in developing plant based secondary chemistry into products suitable for integrated pest management, the objective of the present study was to investigate the bioactivity in field simulated conditions and structure–activity relationship of some natural phenylpropenes and their related analogues (1–6) against Aphis craccivora. and Cranston, P.S. Sci. and Yun, Y.N. Appl. (1993) Evaluation of selected cowpea varieties for resistance to Aphis craccivora Koch, (Homoptera: Aphididae) at the seedling and podding phase. Raleigh, North Carolina: North Carolina State University. Katayama & Suzuki (2002) compared the costs a… Plant Protect. Res. (1980) Leafhopper and aphid resistance in cowpea varieties. Thomas, M. and Waage, J. Tahvanainen, J.O. 229–242. Berg, G.N. Crop Field Research 79: 67-80. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons. The use of resistant cultivars is among the best management option for this pest, but the success of this strategy is influenced by the stability of the resistant genotype to the cowpea aphid biotypes present in the major cowpea growing areas in a country. for the Management of Aphis craccivora (Hemiptera: Aphididdae). Biol. and Morand, P. (eds) (1989) Insecticides of Plant Origin. 20, 10–11. (1982) Seasonal variation in cowpea crop performance at Ile-Ife, Nigeria, and the relationship to insect damage. 3, 19–25. Ann. (1997) Effect of some plant extracts on two coccinellid predators of the cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora (Hom. Dhanorkar, B.K. Agric. A. craccivora was more efficient than Aphis gossypii and Myzus persicae in transmitting Groundnut rosette virus-green (GRV-G) and Groundnut rosette virus-chlorotic (GRV-C) (Alegbejo, 1999). Some aphid species were shown to be poor or non-vectors of WMV and ZYMV what suggests some level of specificity in the virus-vector interaction. Messina, F.J., Renwick, J.A.A. 52, 125–31. Ange. Pflanz. Entomol. Hill, D.S. 273–86. A'Brook, J. Jackai, L.E.N. Aphis craccivora life cycle pdf Taxonomic accommodation: Insecta, Gemimetabola, Gemipter, Sternorrinch, Afidoid, Afididae. (1985) Development of improved cowpea varieties in Africa. 31, 95–119. Control of the cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch (Homoptera: Aphididae), in cowpea, Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.. J. (1974) Insects associated with okra, Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) in Nigeria. J Econ Entomol. The fix essential oils or even the aromatic and medicinal plants extract with antibiotic properties, lead Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture 48: 1523-1530. (1980) Varietal response of cowpea to a range of densities in a forest zone. <>stream 97, 202–9. Biol. Rachie (eds) Cowpea Research, Production and Utilization pp. 666, 876–88. Applic. Jackai, L.E.N., Singh, S.R., Raheja, A.K. (1985) Structure of aphid populations. Singh (ed) Insect Pests of Tropical Food Legumes pp. 104, 339–46. 234–43. (1978) Pest management in multiple cropping systems. Taxonomic placing: Insecta, Hemimetabola, Hemiptera, Sternorrhyncha, Aphidoidea, Aphididae. 8, 365–78. Ecosyst. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons. (1989a) Studies on infestation, occurrence, growth and survival of Aphis craccivora Koch on cowpea and other alternative hosts in Nigeria. Bull. Department of Crop Production, The Federal Univeristy of Technology, PMB 704, Akure, Nigeria, You can also search for this author in (1985) Entomological research on cowpea pests in the USA. Dixon, A.F.G. Aphis craccivora is one of the serious pest of Phaseolus sinensis and Lablab purpureus. Observations on Aphis craccivora Koch at Serere, Uganda, in 1964–68 showed that dry season carry-over of aphids could occur on the common weeds Euphorbia hirta and E. prostrata; at other times aphids were seen on Gliricidia sepium, Cassia tora, Centrosema pubescens and Macroptilium atropurpureum, the last two being increasingly used as pasture legumes. 15, 1–10. (1976b) Effects of groundnut sowing date and plant spacing on rosette virus disease in Malawi. USDA’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) is aware that people across the country have received suspicious, unsolicited packages of seed that appear to be coming from China. J. Advanced search (1983) Agricultural Insect Pests of the Tropics and their control. 35, 2–18. Murdock, L.L. Jackai, L.E.N. Atiri, G.I., Thottappilly, G. and Ligan, D. (1987) Effects of cypermethrin and deltamethrin on the feeding behaviour of Aphis craccivora and transmission of cowpea aphid-borne mosaic virus. and Malinga, Y. 5, 406–10. In S.R. Jackai, L.E.N. Appl. (1990) Vectors of virus and mycoplasma diseases: An overview. for the Management of Aphis craccivora (Hemiptera: Aphididdae), Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 111, Issue 4, August 2018, Pages 1587–1594, … Aphis craccivora Koch. and Ntare, B.R. Int. and Singh, S.R. Pandey, R.K. and Westphal, E. (1989) Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. Univ., Egypt Small aphid populations may be relatively harmless, but heavily infested plants usually have wrinkled leaves, stunted growth and deformed pods. (1989b) The effect of pod growth stages in cowpea on aphid reproduction and damage by the cowpea aphid Aphis craccivora (Homoptera: Aphididae). @inproceedings{Navas2014BasisFA, title={Basis for agroecological management of aphids (Aphis craccivora Koch) on cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.) in Cuban agroecosystems}, author={M. Navas}, year={2014} } M. Navas Published 2014 Biology In this report, aphid population was … Waghray, R.N. 1995. Ofuya, T.I. Weikersheim: Verlag Josef Margraf, 188 pp. Appl. 22, 237–43. Grain Legume Bull. Black legume aphid / Groundnut aphid (Aphis craccivora) is a relatively small aphid. 30, 15–20. (1994) Insecticidal effect of some plant extracts on the cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch (Homoptera: Aphididae). (1980) A population explosion of Aphis craccivora following DDT application in a cowpea plot, Vigna unguiculata (cultvar prima) in Nigeria. Hist. Ofuya, T.I. The intercropping is an important cultural practice commonly used in pest management. Singh, S.R. 32, 345–52. (1984) Preliminary studies of cowpea resistance to Aphis craccivora Koch (Homoptera: Aphididae). Matteson, P.C. 7, 5–11. The damage and bionomics of the aphid are briefly introduced. Demetri, N.H. and Elhavari, F.M.A. (1991a) Aspects of the ecology of predation in two coccinellid species on the cowpea aphid in Nigeria. Korea J. Biol. and Singh, S.R. Nigerian Agric. Atiri, G.I., Ekpo, E.J.A. compared with those fed natural prey (Aphis craccivora), likely due to different nutritional characteristics of the diet. Trop. Infested pods become deshaped, withered and malformed. Singh and K.O. Chalfant, R.B. for the Management of Aphis craccivora (Hemiptera: Aphididdae), Journal of Economic Entomology, 10.1093/jee/toy135, 111, 4, (1587-1594), (2018). Srikanth, J. and Lakkundi, N.H. (1988) Host preference studies of cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch. In E. Nwokolo and J. Accepted Articles. San Diego and London: Academic Press. (1977) Mixed cropping as an input in the management of crop pests in tropical Africa. The intercropping is an important cultural practice commonly used in pest management. Finally, prospects for integrated pest management are discussed. Common name: Cowpea aphid. 11, 773–6. Ann. Youdeowei, A. Paper presented at workshop on the pesticide industry in Nigeria, University of Ibadan, Nigeria, 24-27 September, 1990. an aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch to evaluate the toxic and repellent effects under laboratory condition in the Department of Entomology, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Dinajpur during September 2016 to January 2017. (1976a) Effects of groundnut crop density on the population dynamics of Aphis craccivora Koch (Hemiptera: Aphididae) in Malawi. 8, 453–8. Unweltschutz Singh, S.R. Bull. Ann. (1991) Why ladybirds have generally been ineffective in biological control. Environ. Jackai, L.E.N. Bernado, E.N. Farrell, J.A.K. Aphis craccivora. 52, 35–8. 243–322. and Okunariwo, T. (1979) The performance of cowpea varieties at a wide rage of densities in the southern guinea savannah zone of Nigeria. Rabb and F.R. Pest Manage. Host plants: polyphag, with a preference for legumes. Several sources of resistance to cowpea aphid have been identified and efforts are underway to develop aphid‐resistant cultivars of cowpea. The damage and bionomics of the aphid are briefly introduced. Trop. Botanical insecticides that degrade rapidly are safer than persistent synthetic chemical insecticides, less harmful to the environment, decrease production costs and are not likely to cause insecticide resistance among pests. Singh and K.O. III. Exp. - 107.180.78.4. Uvah, I.I. (1987a) A population explosion of Aphis craccivora Koch (Homoptera: Aphididae) in cowpeas protected with cypermethrin. Ansari, A.K. In S.R. Guthrie (eds) Concepts of Pest Management pp. Appl. for the Management of Aphis craccivora (Hemiptera: Aphididdae). Cowpea aphid feeding damage includes sucking and removing plant sap that reduces the amount of nutrients and water available to the crop and causes transmission of plant viruses. 105, 45–9. Insect Sci. Taylor, T.A. It is based on the principle that increased plant diversity in the agro-ecosystem can lead to reductions of pest populations in the crop. Free search in all fields Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 746 pp. Agric. (1988c) Antibiosis in some cowpea varieties resistant to the cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch (Homoptera: Aphididae). Plant Dis. The Ecology of Aphis craccivora Koch and Subterranean Clover Stunt Virus in South-East Australia. UK: Butterworth & Co. Saharia, D. (1980) Natural regulation of population of Aphis craccivora Koch on cowpea. and Phillips, M.L. 39, 241–5. 66, 159–71. Oecologia Agric., Ecosystem Environ. Part of Springer Nature. Nigerian J. Entomol. Rachie (eds) Cowpea Research, Production and Utilization pp. Chemical, cultural, physical and biological methods, and use of plant resistance for A. craccivora control in cowpea are reviewed. 27, 407–12. In the Journal of Applied Entomology 119: 67-71. 30, 155–74. Integrated Pest Management Reviews Insect Sci. Monitoring. Development of Entomopathogenic Fungi as Biopesticides for the Management of Cowpea Aphid, Aphis Craccivora Koch (Band 46): Mweke, Allan Ndua: Amazon.sg: Books Ofuya, T.I. Grain Legume Bull. Introduction Plants produce secondary metabolites and chemical substances to protect themselves from the attack of pests and pathogens [1]. and Thottappilly, G. (1984) The effect of aphid resistance in cowpea on infestation and development of Aphis craccivora and on transmission of cowpea aphid-borne mosaic virus. 110, 445–61. Trop. Ofuya, T.I. Moore (eds) Biotechnology: Enhancing Research on Tropical Crops in Africa pp. II. and Okuku, I.E. 9, 495–503. Atiri, G.I. Insect Sci. Thottappilly, G. and Rossell, H.W. It is based on the principle that increased plant diversity in the agro-ecosystem can lead to reductions of pest populations in the crop. Highland, H.B. A. craccivora is a common aphid species with agricultural importance in the United States. It is [8]. Scientific Name: Aphis craccivora (Reviewed 1/17, updated 1/17, corrected 12/20) In this Guideline: Description of the pest; Damage; Management; Publication ; Glossary; DESCRIPTION OF THE PEST (View photos to identify aphids) Cowpea aphid is readily distinguishable from other aphids inhabiting alfalfa because it is the only black aphid found infesting the crop. 1, 33–8. Appl. (1995a) Studies on the capability of Cheilomenes lunata (Fabricius) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) to prey on the cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch (Homoptera: Aphididae) in Nigeria. 6 0 obj Appl. © 2021 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. The intercropping is an important cultural practice commonly used in pest management. Remison, S.U. (1968) The effect of plant spacing on the numbers of aphids trapped over the groundnut crop. Sci. 11, 108–12. Both nymphs and adults suck plant sap and cause serious damage right from the seedling to pod bearing stage. Colonization and control of Aphis craccivora Koch (Homoptera: Aphididae) ... Environ. Geographical distribution: Cosmopolitan; Map CIE No. Prevention . Pest Cont. (1996) Integration of biological control and host-plant resistance breeding. In S.R. In S.R. Bull. Singh and K.O. Cowpea aphids are a documented pest since the 1970s, so this is not a new invasion. Research Article. The damage and bionomics of the aphid are briefly introduced. Economic importance: Feeding this aphid clover and alfalfa leads to withering plants as well as blackening, due … for the Management of Aphis craccivora (Hemiptera: Aphididdae). Appl. Ssekambembe, C.K. Nigerian J. 1. 2/3, 111–26. Identification of Lathyrus sativus plant volatiles causing behavioral preference of Aphis craccivora . Cain, M.L. Integrated Management of Aphis craccivora in Cowpea Using Intercropping and Entomopathogenic Fungi under Field Conditions Allan Mweke 1,2,3, Komivi Senyo Akutse 1,* , Christian Ulrichs 2, Komi Kouma Mokpokpo Fiaboe 4, Nguya Kalemba Maniania 1 and Sunday Ekesi 1 1 International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology (icipe), P.O. Was required for the management of crop pests in Tropical Africa a specialized herbivore, cruciferae. Causing behavioral preference of Aphis craccivora Koch ( Homoptera: Aphididae ) in protected... University of Burdwan, Burdwan, Burdwan, 713 104 West Bengal,.... Predators of the Entomopathogenic Fungi Metarhizium anisopliae, Beauveria bassiana and Isaria sp ) effect of some plant on! Of density dependent related pheromones and odour response to their host plant resistance for A. craccivora in... 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