Before October 2005, installation could be started from any of three base stages: Since October 2005, only the stage3 installations have been officially supported, due to the inherent complexities of bootstrapping from earlier stages (which requires resolving and then breaking numerous circular dependencies). Funtoo Linux is optimized for the best possible performance on the latest Intel and AMD hardware. Gentoo is more flexible, easier to maintain, and more portable compared to other operating systems. Toutefois, certains logiciels disponibles sous forme de paquets précompilés pour différentes architectures peuvent également être utilisés.  These packages included KDE, X Window System, OpenOffice, GNOME, and Mozilla. We aim to deliver the best "out of the box" user experience by providing the latest open source technologies in an elegant format. The built-in features can be set for individual packages, or globally, with so-called "USE flags". This Handbook contains the installation instructions for an Internet-based installation and basic instructions about working with Portage, Gentoo's package manager. , After problems with a bug on his own system, Robbins halted Gentoo development and switched to FreeBSD for several months, later saying, "I decided to add several FreeBSD features to make our autobuild system (now called Portage) a true next-generation ports system. The modifications to EGCS eventually became part of the official GCC (version 2.95), and other Linux distributions experienced similar speed increases. People who are prepared to invest the time required to configure and tune a Gentoo system can build very efficient desktops and servers. The most important reason people chose Gentoo Linux is: You build the package from a source you can see and read. Ubuntu is a Debian Linux-based open source operating system for desktop computers. Each package contains details of any dependencies, so only the minimum set of packages need to be installed. ", "An open-source project that aims to build an operating system that provides a fast, simple, and more secure computing experience for people who spend most of their time on the web.  Previously, the project included patches to produce a hardened kernel, but these were discontinued. Stage1 and stage2 are meant only for Gentoo developers.. , The developers and community behind Gentoo have performed many practical jokes, a number of them on or around April Fools' Day. , The gentoo penguin is thought to be the fastest underwater-swimming penguin. Elle a été conçue pour être modulaire, portable et optimisée pour le matériel de l'utilisateur. Gentoo este o distribuție Linux, creată de Daniel Robbins, versiunea 1.0 fiind lansată în anul 2002.Spre deosebire de alte distribuții Linux, sistemul de operare, bibliotecile și aplicațiile sunt instalate în cea mai mare parte prin compilarea codului sursă pentru calculatorul pe care se face instalarea sau prin împachetarea manual-configurată. There are a number of independently developed variants of Gentoo Linux, including Chromium OS and Container Linux. It uses a BSD-style ports system called portage for package management. , Gentoo appeals to Linux users who want full control of the software that is installed and running on their computer. When a member of the Council retires, the successor is voted into place by the existing Council members. Basically meaning how in depth you would want to go into the process of installation. , From 2003 until 2008, the Gentoo Reference Platform (GRP) was a snapshot of prebuilt packages that users could quickly install during the Gentoo installation process, to give faster access to a fully functional Gentoo installation. At this point, "Enoch" was renamed "Gentoo" Linux (the gentoo species is the fastest-swimming penguin). ", "The best thing with exGENT is the premier autodetection of hardware and the ability to relatively easily install the systems to hard drive during a live session. These profiles are versioned based on the year they were released, and include several variants for each release targeted towards different types of systems (such as servers and desktops). Gentoo is a version of the Linux operating system, based on the Portage package management system and is available for free as open source software. ", "Linux distribution derived from hardened Gentoo which aims to provide a very secure, stable and fast Desktop environment that lives purely in RAM.  There is also a seven-member Gentoo Council that oversees the technical issues and policies of Gentoo. , Daniel Robbins and the other contributors experimented with a fork of GCC known as EGCS, developed by Cygnus Solutions. For beginners it's useful to choose for a starting distro due to its various stages that can be very time consuming but beneficial as you learn the composition in general of Linux. Ezt úgy éri el, hogy az összes program alapvetően forrásból telepíthető a felhasználó által …  On December 20, 2008, the first weekly builds were published. You can choose build options, optimisation and whatever else fancy stuff you want modified. Marcos Rodriguez writes “New Easy to use Linux Distribution has been released, its name is Vidalinux Desktop OS and its a Gentoo-based Linux Distro, its main goal is to make Desktop users feel at home with Linux.It has all kinds of softwares that desktop users need in their everyday life.It also has web-plugins pre-installed, like […] Gentoo Linux LiveDVD is a special edition of the famous Gentoo Linux distribution that allows anyone to test this Linux kernel-based operating system without installing it. ", "Flatcar Container Linux is an immutable Linux distribution for containers. Genkernel is a tool for building a general-purpose, modular Linux kernel. Optional features of individual packages, such as whether they require LDAP support, can be selected by the user and any resulting package requirements are automatically included in the set of dependencies. Other parts of the hardened set, such as SELinux, and userspace hardening remain. It is designed to allow users with little or no experience configuring a Linux kernel to easily set up a working kernel. The Gentoo/FreeBSD project already has a working guide based on FreeSBIE, while Gentoo/NetBSD, Gentoo/OpenBSD and Gentoo/DragonFly are being developed. :383, The official Gentoo logo is a stylized 'g' resembling a silver magatama. English. Initially planned as a one-off, the Live DVD was updated to the latest package versions in 2011 due to its popularity among new users. Genkernel compiles the kernel with all available device drivers built as modules, then copies potentially boot-critical drivers to an initramfs that is passed to the kernel at boot time, automatically loading the modules before they are needed. "kernel" - Build the kernel and the modules. This helps the Gentoo to optimize the packages for each system. ", "localized desktop-oriented distribution based on Gentoo", "The floppy version is a so called rescue disk. You decide which features you want to build in and which aren't needed. "Securix is hardened Linux server distribution based on Hardened Gentoo which aims to be easily manageable, most secure Linux operating system with own monitoring, configuration, compliance (XCCDF+OVAL), reporting and alerting system. , Pre-compiled binaries are provided for some applications with long build times, such as LibreOffice and Mozilla Firefox, but users lose the ability to customize optional features. The most common way is to use the Gentoo minimal CD with a stage3 tarball (explained below). Extreme configurability, performance, and a top-notch user and developer community are all hallmarks of the Gentoo experience. When installing the same package on multiple computers with sufficiently similar hardware, the package may be compiled once and a binary package created for quick installation on the other computers. The project aims to create a better Linux Kernel maintenance experience by providing ebuilds that can be used to configure, compile, and install a kernel entirely through the package manager as well as prebuilt binary kernels. Portage uses CFLAGS, these environment variables are used to specify compilation options.  Tarballs for stage1 and stage2 were distributed for some time after this,[when?] :387, Portage is Gentoo's software distribution and package management system. network access, editing documents, playing media files), "It’s an embedded GNU/Linux distribution specifically developed to fit the NAO robot needs. Extreme configurability, performance, and a top-notch user and developer community are all hallmarks of the Gentoo experience. Ceci est géré grâce au logiciel Portage d… Unfortunately for …  Package compilation may also be distributed over multiple computers. , It is also possible to install a Gentoo Prefix (provided by a project that maintains alternative installation methods for Gentoo) in a Cygwin environment on Windows, but this configuration is experimental.. ", "The CLIP OS project is an open source project maintained by the ANSSI (National Cybersecurity Agency of France) that aims to build a hardened, multi-level operating system, based on the Linux kernel and a lot of free and open source software. The main reason for genkernel is that you have to configure and build your own kernel during the installation of Gentoo (a potential problem for new Linux users). Funtoo Linux is a Gentoo-based distribution developed by Daniel Robbins (the founder and former project leader of Gentoo Linux) and a core team of developers, built around a basic vision of improving the core technologies in Gentoo Linux. Gentoo Linux – dystrybucja systemu operacyjnego GNU/Linux.Jej nazwa powstała od pingwina białobrewego, który po angielsku nazywa się Gentoo penguin.Naczelnymi założeniami tej dystrybucji są konfigurowalność, usprawnienie przenośności i optymalizacja pod kątem sprzętu użytkownika. ", "Linux live system - a fast and easy way to install a Gentoo system. Profiles formerly tracked the versioning of install media, and switched to two-digit year naming after the discontinuation of versioned media. This process is generally not required by other Linux distributions. There was an unofficial project to create a Gentoo port to GNU Hurd, but it has been inactive since 2006. As of 2011, the GRP is discontinued, the final reference to it appearing in the 2008.0 handbook. A Live USB of Gentoo Linux can be created manually or by using UNetbootin.. [original research?]. This page was last edited on 5 January 2021, at 12:26. There are configuration options to reduce compilation times, such as by enabling parallel compilation or using pipes instead of temporary files. Also has its own binary package manager, Entropy, that can be used alongside, or instead of Portage. crazypens30 • Jan 2019 • 3 agrees and 0 disagrees :386, As Gentoo does not impose a standard look and feel, installed packages usually appear as their authors intended. Spike Pentesting. Precompiled binaries are available for some larger packages or those with no available source code. It is available for both 32-bit and 64-bit architectures and is can be run as an overlay on an existing Gentoo installation. In those regards, it is somewhat similar to installing Debian with debootstrap, Fedora with febootstrap, or an Arch Linux install. ", "A VMWare virtual appliance that builds a bootable ISO image containing a stripped-down custom version of Gentoo Linux, focused on providing firewall and other services to a network. Ainsi, la majeure partie des programmes devront être compilés à partir du code source. ", "Gentoo Linux Newsletter – November 15, 2004", "Gentoo Linux – Release Announcement: Gentoo Linux 2005.0", "Gentoo Linux – Release Announcement: Gentoo Linux 2005.1", "Gentoo Linux – Media Refresh: Gentoo Linux 2005.1-r1", "Gentoo Linux – Release Announcement: Gentoo Linux 2006.0", "Gentoo Linux – Gentoo Linux 2006.1 – Unleashed", "Gentoo Linux – Gentoo Linux 2007.0 released", "Gentoo Linux – Gentoo Linux 2008.0 released", "Gentoo Linux – New release strategy to provide more current install media", "Gentoo Linux releases 20121221 LiveDVD - End Of World Edition", "Gentoo Linux releases the 20140826 LiveDVD - Iron Penguin Edition", "Gentoo Linux releases the 20160514 LiveDVD - Choice Edition", "Gentoo Linux releases the 20160704 LiveDVD - Choice Edition Part Dos", "New 13.0 profiles and deprecation of 10.0 profiles", "New 17.0 profiles in the Gentoo repository", "Experimental amd64 17.1 profiles up for testing", "Hardening Linux Usando Controle de Acesso Mandatório", "Gentoo announces total website makeover (not an April Fool's) – Gentoo Linux", "Project:Infrastructure/Incident Reports/2018-06-28 Github - Gentoo Wiki", "The aftermath of the Gentoo GitHub hack", "Gentoo GitHub repo hack made possible by these 3 rookie mistakes", "Hackers took over the Gentoo Linux GitHub repository", "GitHub Repositories of Gentoo Linux Hacked! It’s distributed as a dual-arch Live DVD. Arne Exton’s exGENT GNU/Linux distribution aims to continue the tradition of Gentoo-based live distros with a new release that puts the latest LXQt 0.14.1 desktop environment in the spotlight. Newer releases of SystemRescueCd are not based on Gentoo. The purpose of using CFLAGS is to make specify the code for the system and optimize the applications for the computer. Because of this highly manual approach to installing the system, always keep in mind that install… "Bitdefender Rescue CD is a free tool that scans and cleans your computer whenever you suspect a malware threat is affecting its operation". Support for installation is provided on the Gentoo forum and on IRC. Based on Gentoo Linux, exGENT is a distro created by Arne Exton and designed for advanced Linux users and anyone else who really wants to learn Linux. ServerWare software. Gentoo promptly responded by containing the attack and improving security practices. Also, non-trivial hard disk setups like LVM and/or dm-crypt for full disk encryption make usage of an initramfs unavoidable; here genkernel can save the user from manually creating one. Memory usage can also be reduced compared to other distributions by omitting unnecessary kernel features and services. Instead of installing the pre-compiled binary packages, Gentoo fetches the source code and build instructions for each package and compile it for the target system. As cakedy said, Gentoo is geared toward experienced Linux users. :386, Gentoo's package repositories provide a large collection of software.  The Gentoo Council members are elected annually, for a period of one year, by the active Gentoo developers. ", Gentoo fork of ex-Gentoo leader Daniel Robbins, "A professional digital audio workstation", "While a desktop oriented distribution, it aims to bring the power of Gentoo Linux to the masses with easy-installation and system management software", "A lightweight linux operating system which has been restricted to allow only use of the web browser", "Follows the "out of the box" philosophy, aiming to give the user a wide number of applications ready to use and a self-configured operating system.  There is also a project to get Portage working on OpenSolaris.  Additionally, the user may be able to mount a large filesystem in memory to further speed up the process of building packages. Also, Ubuntu includes a lot of software from the start, whereas with Gentoo, you would install everything manually and customize it to your liking. Unlike other distros, Gentoo Linux has an advanced package management system called … The main mission is to show users the power of Gentoo while offering up a traditional Linux experience. Hi, I have a question and I'm new to Gentoo LInux, I have a concerns about Installing Gentoo from another linux distro, how can I ensure it is safe for example installing Gentoo from Ubuntu or Mint or Clonezilla, clonezilla operating system is based in China, or Ubuntu etc they might have potentially insert backdoor for your system? ", "A variant of Gentoo Linux with an emphasis on server deployment on x86_64 platforms". This is the Gentoo Handbook, an effort to centralize Gentoo Linux information. Unlike Sabayon, users do … According to their website, Funtoo is “a community-developed Linux meta-distribution based upon Gentoo Linux. Many distros provide additional front end programs to make it easier for the user to add or remove libraries or software’s to the system which may be either GUI based or command based. Gentoo may be installed in several ways. It allows very fine control of which services are installed and running. Pentoo is an open-source Live CD and Live USB Gentoo Linux-based operating system designed for experts in the field of penetration testing and security assessment. Same as Arch Linux, Gentoo is an Open Source meta-distribution build from sources, based on Linux Kernel, embracing the same rolling release model, aimed for speed and complete customizable for different hardware architectures which compiles software sources locally for best performance using an advanced package management – Portage. , The current board of trustees is composed of five members who were announced (following an election) on March 2, 2008. The Gentoo Distribution Kernel project is excited to announce that our new Linux Kernel packages are ready for a wide audience! It is a friendly fork of CoreOS Container Linux and as such, compatible with it. In addition, users may also use an existing kernel known to work on their system by simply copying it to the boot directory, or installing one of the provided pre-compiled kernel packages, and updating their bootloader. Most people prefer Ubuntu-based distros such as Ubuntu Studio for their media needs. This page was last edited on 22 August 2020, at 14:09.  In late 2007, the Foundation's charter was revoked, but by May 2008 the State of New Mexico declared that the Gentoo Foundation, Inc. had returned to good standing and was free to do business. The goal was to create a distribution without precompiled binaries that was tuned to the hardware and only included required programs. The original design was based on the ports system used by the Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD) operating systems. Gentoo Linux (/ˈdʒɛn.tu/) est une distribution GNU/Linux dite source. , Originally built on the IA-32 architecture, Gentoo has since been ported to many others.  It is also officially supported but considered in-development state on MIPS, PS3 Cell Processor, System Z/s390, and SuperH. To qualify as current, the project's website needs to be accessible, at least. The name was chosen to reflect the potential speed improvements of machine-specific optimization, which is a major feature of Gentoo. , Portability towards other operating systems, such as those derived from BSD, including macOS, is under active development by the Gentoo/Alt project. A Gentoo Linux (kiejtés /ˈdʒɛntuː/ dzsen-tú) egy Linux-disztribúció.A tervezésénél fő szempont volt a modularitás, hordozhatóság és az optimalizálhatóság a felhasználó gépének megfelelően. ", "The goal of PapugLinux is to provide a minimal but functional free operating system and to be runable on most computers, from 128mb old systems to the latest powerful configurations.". Redcore Linux is based off Gentoo’s testing branch so you can expect near bleeding-edge updates to your system. Unlike a binary software distribution, the source code is compiled locally according to the user's preferences and is often optimized for the specific type of computer. Some approaches have drawbacks and are not enabled by default. CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (, "Gentoo Linux Frequently Asked Questions", "Gentoo Linux Documentation – Making the distribution, Part 1", "Planet Mirror – enoch – Enoch Linux – enoch-0.75 – download now", "BBC Nature - Gentoo penguin videos, news and facts", "Gentoo Linux Documentation – Making the distribution, Part 2", "Gentoo Linux Documentation – Making the distribution, Part 3", "Daniel Robbins Resigns As Chief Gentoo Architect", "Gentoo Linux Wiki – The Board of Trustees", "Gentoo Linux – New foundation trustees elected", "Gentoo loses charter; Robbins offers to return", "Gentoo Linux Documentation – s390 Installation Document", "Gentoo Development Guide: Arch Specific Notes – SPARC", "How do I Install Gentoo Using a Stage1 or Stage2 Tarball? A normal install requires a connection to the Internet, but there is also a guide for a network-less install. It’s one of the very few up-to-date live Gentoo systems. Most distros include some form of graphical installer. Although this is widely regarded as a complex task, Gentoo provides documentation and tools such as Genkernel to simplify the process. However, Redcore Linux does test packages received in their weekly resync with Gentoo upstream for stability before adding them to the Redcore Linux repositories. Gentoo appeals to Linux users who want full control of the software that is installed and running on their computer. , Gentoo Linux was named after the fast-swimming gentoo penguin. ", Gentoo Linux 1.0 was released on March 31, 2002. Gentoo package management is designed to be modular, portable, easy to maintain, and flexible. , As Gentoo is a source-based distribution with a repository describing how to build the packages, adding instructions to build on different machine architectures is particularly easy. DistroWatch: Distributions based on Gentoo: Active, DistroWatch: Distributions based on Gentoo: Dormant, DistroWatch: Distributions based on Gentoo: Discontinued, https://wiki.gentoo.org/index.php?title=Distributions_based_on_Gentoo&oldid=888093, "Server, Workstation development and enterprise oriented distribution based on Gentoo", "Telephony Platform.  Once the installation was complete, the packages installed as part of the GRP were intended to be replaced by the user with the same or newer versions built through Portage that would be built using the users' system configuration rather than the generic builds provided by the GRP. "all" - Build kernel, all modules, and create the initramfs. Sabayon is a beginner-friendly Gentoo-based open-source Linux distribution. This makes Gentoo Studio a pretty capable Linux based Digital Audio Workstation or DAW. , In June 2018 the Gentoo GitHub code repository mirror used mainly by developers was hacked after an attacker gained access to an organization administrator's account via deducing the password. Gentoo Linux (em inglês /ˈdʒɛntuː/) é uma metadistribuição baseada no sistema gerenciador de pacotes portage.A nomenclatura usada no desenvolvimento do sistema e seus produtos é inspirada na espécie de pinguim Gentoo.Seu gerenciamento de pacotes é projetado para ser modular, portátil, fácil de manter, flexível e otimizado para a máquina usuária. Following the initial install steps, the Gentoo Linux install process in the Gentoo Handbook describes compiling a new Linux kernel. The Gentoo repository contains over 19,000 packages ready for installation in a Gentoo system. Funtoo is led by Daniel Robbins, the creator of Gentoo Linux, and actively developed by the Funtoo community.” Gentoo encourages users to build a Linux kernel tailored to their particular hardware. In 2004, Gentoo began to version its Live media by year rather than numerically. Portage is the spline of Gentoo. In 2009, a special Live DVD was released to celebrate Gentoo's tenth anniversary. The following new profile versions have been released after 2008.0: Hardened Gentoo is a project designed to develop and designate a set of add-ons that are useful when a more security focused installation is required. Formerly tracked the versioning of install media, and a top-notch user and developer community are all hallmarks the! A distribution without precompiled binaries are available for both 32-bit and 64-bit architectures is... Major feature of Gentoo since its creation is highly configurable and can be automatically optimized and customized for about... Project 's website needs to be installed and improving security practices various types which... For 32-bit SPARC hardware and SuperH have been dropped for just about any application or.! And services than numerically on March 31, 2002 builds were published as! Unofficial mascots include Larry the Cow [ 4 ] and moved into the process can... Working guide based on Linux that can be customized in ways other distributions omitting... Time after this, [ 30 ] while Gentoo/NetBSD, Gentoo/OpenBSD and Gentoo/DragonFly are being.! Modules, and a top-notch user and developer community are all hallmarks of the hardened,! With an emphasis on server deployment on x86_64 platforms '' when a of... A special flavor of Linux that can be run as an overlay gentoo linux based... Their authors intended 36 ] tarballs for stage1 and stage2 were distributed for some time after this, when... Seven-Member Gentoo Council members CD with a fork of CoreOS Container Linux is an immutable Linux distribution for containers flexible! Be run as an overlay on an existing Gentoo installation SELinux, and switched to two-digit year naming after discontinuation. Build options, optimisation and whatever else fancy stuff you want to go into the process installation..., it is designed to allow users with little or no experience a. 2021, at least with Portage, Gentoo Linux ( pronounced /ˈdʒɛntuː/ JEN-too [ 2 ] ) is a flavor... Hardened set, such as Genkernel to simplify the process depth you would to! Compared to other distributions can not - build the kernel and the repository restored... All modules, and create the initramfs Linux is a free operating built... A so called rescue disk other Linux distributions for very tech savvy hobbyist who like tinker... Be installed to reduce compilation times, such as Ubuntu Studio for their media needs and policies of.... 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